Simone de Beauvoirs was born in 1908 in Paris and was a writer, philosopher, existentialist and feminist. Her philosophy is largely about ethics and the question of how to relate to one's fellow human beings. She grew up in a strictly bourgeois family and her mother's hard upbringing left traces that led her to revolt against Catholicism and the bourgeoisie. At the age of 15, she decided to become a writer and she studied, among other things, Latin, literary history and philosophy at the Université de Paris, where she met Jean-Paul Sartre, who later became her life partner.
Simone's most famous book is The Other Sex, which was published in 1949 and is a non-fiction book and is considered one of feminism's central classics. The book is about women's different roles, her development and oppression of women. Simone claims that the environment for girls and boys shapes our gender roles. In 1954, Simone's key novel The Mandarins was published, which was about people in her circle of friends, especially her intimate relationship with the American author Nelson Algren. The book was also dedicated to him. Simone died at the age of 78 from pneumonia and was buried next to Jean-Paul in the Montparnasse Cemetery in Paris. On her finger sat Nelson Algren's ring. More than 5,000 women followed her in the mourning procession.